Category Archives: Family

A Hierarchy of Needs for Children Living in Two Homes : Emery’s latest contribution to understanding children and divorce

Robert Emery, Ph.D. is an important resource for understanding the impact of divorce on children and families and offering practical guidance to help families re-organize and adjust well. I have found his book The Truth About Children and Divorce and his most recent book Two Homes One Childhood: A Parenting Plan to Last a Lifetime to be excellent resources for parents. They both offer parents research-informed guidance to remain child-focused and parent well post-divorce. Emery offers great summaries of child development and research outcomes related to child adjustment and the impact of various parenting plan options on children at different ages and stages.

Of particular interest is Emery’s use of a hierarchy of needs pyramid, made famous by psychologist Abraham Maslow in the 1940’s. Just as Maslow created a pyramid of the most basic needs (physiological and safety) at the base of the pyramid and self-actualization at the top of the pyramid; Emery creates a pyramid of the needs of children living in two homes. Emery also puts basic physiological health needs for food and shelter at the base of the pyramid, followed also by safety needs. Moving up the pyramid, Emery then suggests that children need at least one “good” parent. “Good” parenting is described as attentive, attuned, loving, consistent and firm; often described as “authoritative” parenting. Informed by research outcomes, Emery suggests children then need protection from conflict. Once these needs are met, then children benefit from two “good” parents. If all of these needs are met, then Emery suggests that a child is able to fully experience their childhood, free from threats and adult burdens. When this happens, a child is able to naturally develop and grow to his or her fullest potential.

What jumped off the page for me was the suggestion that protection from conflict is a more basic need for children than having two involved parents! Emery is not just forming this as his opinion, but rather posits this based upon research outcomes for children. The research is pretty compelling; parental conflict hurts kids. While that is not so surprising, seeing it juxtaposed in relative importance against one versus two parents is perhaps more sobering. The implication being that the added benefit for children of two involved parents is undermined if the parents are in high and/or ongoing conflict. Emery suggest that “…protection from conflict is a more basic need than having involved relationships with both parents” (Two Homes One Childhood, 2016, pg. 28). Of course, two involved, loving, “good” parents is optimal for children unless it puts children in the middle of a battle zone.

Of course, it would be a rather grim solution to remove a parent from a child’s life in order to meet a child’s need to be protected from conflict! It would be awful for a child to not have both parents actively in his or her life and it would be awful for a child to be in the middle of parents in conflict. Emery indicates that the best solution for children is for parents to “get it together.” Perhaps this hierarchy pyramid of needs is another vehicle to help parents realize that if they participate in any way in ongoing conflict with their co-parent, they are a problem for their child. What can parents do to be part of the solution in protecting their children from conflict rather than the problem?  If we consult Emery’s pyramid, after ensuring the basic food, shelter, and safety needs, parents can:

  1. Be a “good” parent. Learn skills to be an effective, authoritative parent. This means offering plenty of love and firm, clear, consistent limits.
  2. Minimize and effectively manage conflict with your co-parent. Learn conflict and communication management skills and develop structures and boundaries to parent effectively separately and together.
  3. Be two “good” parents separately, together. Coordinate and cooperate as co-parents. Learn which issues require coming together and coordinating and which issues require respect of the right to parent separately. Create systems for sharing information and making decisions.

These efforts allow your child to climb up the pyramid of needs, fully experience their childhood to grow and develop freely. Isn’t that what most parents want for their children?

The Gift of Peace: The Five C’s of Conflict Communication

by Lisa Gabardi, Ph.D. and Karen Bonnell, ARNP, MS Conflict is an inevitable part of any significant relationship; whether with colleagues at work, with friends, and with family. And when you experience conflict, you need an effective way to manage your experience, communicate effectively, and ultimately resolve the conflict. This is especially true for co-parents… Continue Reading

Beat the Stress and Put Fun back into Your Holiday Season

It’s that time of year again. Holiday season is gearing up. The Jewish high holidays just behind us and pumpkins and Halloween decorating abound. Here in America, we head into the Halloween, Thanksgiving, Hanukkah, Christmas Kwanzaa, New Year’s Eve holiday season. Oh, and we’re also having an election. Campaigns, election outcomes, decorating, shopping, putting together… Continue Reading

8 Ways to Raise Happy, Resilient Kids After Divorce

by guest author Terry Gaspard During and after divorce, it’s important for parents to adopt a positive mindset and learn ways to foster their children’s emotional well-being and resiliency. Most children have the capacity to adjust to their parents’ divorce and deal with the changes they’ll be faced with if they have sufficient support. One… Continue Reading

Resolve to be Kind

Making resolutions is a New Year ritual for many. The start of a new year brings possibilities for a fresh start. Many people are cleaning out closets and garages, getting organized, making resolutions about their health, relationships, finances. You might be considering the ways you want to improve your life. In the spirit of new… Continue Reading

Collaborative Divorce in Portland: A Peaceful Divorce Option

Michael Dwyer, a leader and trainer in mediation and alternative dispute resolution in Portland, writes an excellent article on the history of collaborative divorce in Portland. Michael has been a key figure in offering non-adversarial divorce options to clients. He writes about the promise of the growing Collaborative Divorce movement in Portland. Michael has organized a… Continue Reading

Phoenix Rising: Emerging Stronger from the Challenges of Divorce

The myth of the phoenix bird tells the story of a beautiful bird that grew old, weak, and tired from long journeys. After living hundreds of years, the bird asked the sun to make it young and strong. The bird prepared a nest. In time the sun’s hot rays caused the bird to burst into… Continue Reading

8 Lessons My Divorce Taught Me About Parenting

Guest Author: Terry Gaspard MSW, LICSW Divorce is a life altering experience with many challenges. But it can also make you a better parent. It’s easy to see how some single parents wallow in self-pity, leaving them vulnerable to becoming a victim. Instead, seeing divorce as a catalyst for a fresh start in life will empower you and… Continue Reading

Your Brain on Divorce: Optimize Your Resilience

During my divorce, my heart would start pounding and my thoughts would race the minute I noticed an email from my attorney or my spouse in my inbox. Fear and dread were my immediate reactions. I had a similar response to texts and voicemail messages.  This is one example of the brain on divorce; easily… Continue Reading